Essential Readings

Multimedia Resources on Race and Racism


Within Medicine

Address Persistent Racial Disparities in Academic Medicine to Improve Healthcare Quality

Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Healthcare

Within Neurology

Racial Disparities in Neurologic Health Care Access and Utilization in the United States

Within Stroke

Stroke Disparities: Large Global Problem That Must Be Addressed

Racial-Ethnic Disparities in Stroke Care: The American Experience: A Statement for Healthcare Professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association

Within Epilepsy

Racial/Ethnic Disparities in the Treatment of Epilepsy: What do we know? What do we need to know?

FACETS of Health Disparities in Epilepsy Surgery and Gaps that Need to be Addressed

Within Movement

Racial Differences in the Diagnosis of Parkinson’s Disease

Treatment Disparities in Parkinson’s Disease

Within Cognitive

Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Alzheimer’s Disease: A Literature Review

Progress and Future Challenges in Aging and Diversity Research in the United States

Within Neuroimmunology

Racial Disparities in Medicaid Home and Community-based Service Utilization and Expenditures among Persons with Multiple Sclerosis

Within Neuromuscular

Disparities in Health Care Utilization by Race among Teenagers and Young Adults with Muscular Dystrophy

Within Headache

A Critical Exploration of Migraine as a Health Disparity: The Imperative of an Equity-Oriented, Intersectional Approach

Neurology and Global Health

Global Health Neurology: HIV/AIDs

Global Burden of Stroke

Global Health Epilepsy

Global and Community Health: Neurological Care for Latinos is South Philadelphia: Global Health at Home


Prioritizing Equity: The Root Cause (Video Series from the American Medical Association)

Teaching about Racism and Bias in the Context of Persistent Health Disparities

Envisioning the Future: Health Disparities Reduction and Medical Education

Anti-Racist Clinical Skills: Critically Appraising the Use of Race in Medical Literature

Activism, Advocacy and Education: Expanding the Focus of Patient Care with HIV, LGBT, and Culturally Diverse Populations


Michael in Tanzania: Dr. Rubenstein’s Global Health Blog

FAME Africa

Penn IM Advocacy Website

Race and Exclusion in Philadelphia: Snapshots from the Last 100 Years

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